GLMRIS: Great Lakes and Mississippi River Interbasin Study
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ANS Control Screening

In the Aquatic Nuisance Species of Concern White Paper, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), in collaboration with our stakeholders, identified ANS of Concern and their corresponding organism types. These ANS of Concern and organism types were the initial focus of GLMRIS for the Chicago Area Waterway (CAWS). In the Inventory of Available Controls for Aquatic Nuisance Species of Concern – Chicago Area Waterway System (ANS Control Paper), USACE identified over 90 options and technologies available to prevent the transfer of these ANS of Concern-CAWS. In December 2010, USACE posted the original draft of this document for public comment. The comments on the ANS Control Paper are available for viewing.

As a part the ongoing analysis, USACE, in collaboration with federal, state and local governmental agencies, refined the organism types warranting further consideration by GLMRIS to include fish, algae, crustaceans, and plants. Using the information provided in the ANS Control Paper, USACE identified which of the 90+ ANS Controls may be effective at preventing transfer through an aquatic pathway for these organism types in all life stages.

Through a screening and review process, USACE and governmental agencies and organizations refined the ANS Controls for fish, algae, crustaceans and plants. "Industrial biocides" that were not used commonly for conventional municipal drinking water or wastewater treatment were removed from further consideration. "Freezing," "Desiccation," "Hot Water Thermal Barrier" in the "Lethal Water Temperature" fact sheet and the ANS Controls identified in the "Benthic Barrier" fact sheet were also removed because all were deemed to be impracticable for continued effective application. USACE removed Rotenone Oral Delivery Platforms from further consideration because fish can smell the rotenone and therefore, the smell reduces the effectiveness. Researchers are now focusing on Antimycin A Oral Delivery Platforms. The Piscicides fact sheet has been updated. The remaining ANS Controls that may be effective at preventing the transfer through an aquatic pathway of algae, crustaceans, fish and plants in all life stages are presented below.

Control Comment Period

USACE held a comment period requesting input on this information from January 18 through February 21, 2013. Comments were submitted through an online comment form. USACE requested:

  1. Information on ANS Controls that may be effective at preventing the transfer through the CAWS of fish, algae, crustaceans and plants in all life stages but are missing from the lists, or
  2. Comments regarding ANS Controls identified below.

USACE considered the submitted information as it refined the list of ANS Controls available for alternative development. View the Control Screening Comments.


Fish

Fact Sheet in
ANS Controls Report
Specific ANS Control
§ Pesticides must be applied in accordance with the full product label as registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Users must read and follow the pesticide product label prior to each application. The registration status, trade name, and availability of pesticides are subject to change. The listing of a pesticide in this fact sheet or Appendix B does not represent an endorsement by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers or the USEPA regarding its use for a particular purpose.
Accelerated Water Velocity[PDF]
  • Accelerated Water Velocity
Acoustic Fish Deterrents[PDF]
  • Continuous Wave
  • Pulsed Pressure Wave
Alteration of Water Quality§[PDF]
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Ozone
  • Nitrogen
  • Alum
  • Sodium Thiosulfate
Biocides for Industrial Use§[PDF]
  • Chlorine (free chlorine, hypochlorous acid, hypochlorite salts)
  • Chlorine Dioxide
  • Peracetic Acid (Peraclean®)
  • Sodium Chlorite
Biological Controls§[PDF]
  • Introduced Predatory Fish Species
  • Targeted Disease Agents
Controlled Harvest and Overfishing[PDF]
  • Controlled Harvest and Overfishing
Deleterious Gene Spread[PDF]
  • Daughterless Gene
  • Trojan Y Chromosome
Hydrologic Separation[PDF]
  • Physical Barriers
Lethal Temperature[PDF]
  • Pressurized Hot Water/Steam Treatment
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Pellet (dry ice) Blasting
Pheromones[PDF]
  • Repellant and Attractant Pheromones
Piscicides§[PDF]
  • Antimycin A (Both Standard Application and Via Oral Delivery Platforms)
  • Niclosamide
  • Rotenone
  • TFM (3-Trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol)
Screens[PDF]
  • Fences
  • Bar Screens
  • Trash Racks
  • Curtains
  • Chain Bar Screens
  • Reciprocating Rake Bar Screens
  • Catenary Bar Screens
  • Continuous Belt Bar Screens
  • Rotating Drum Screens (Paddle Wheel Or Power)
  • Wedge-Wire Cylinders
  • Louvered Screens
  • Mechanical Climber Screens
  • Filters
Sensory Deterrent Systems[PDF]
  • Underwater Strobe lights
  • Underwater Sound
  • Acoustic Air Bubble Curtain
  • Electric Barrier
Vertical Drop Barrier[PDF]
  • Vertical Drop Barrier
Williams' Cage[PDF]
  • Williams' Cage

Algae

Fact Sheet in
ANS Controls Report
Specific ANS Control
§ Pesticides must be applied in accordance with the full product label as registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Users must read and follow the pesticide product label prior to each application. The registration status, trade name, and availability of pesticides are subject to change. The listing of a pesticide in this fact sheet or Appendix B does not represent an endorsement by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers or the USEPA regarding its use for a particular purpose.
Accelerated Water Velocity[PDF]
  • Accelerated Water Velocity
Algaecides§[PDF]
  • Copper Sulfate and Chelated Copper Formulations (ethanolamines, ethylene diamines, triethanolamines, triethanolamine+ethylene diamine, and copper citrate/gluconate)
  • Endothall (as the mono(N,N-dimethylalkylamine) salt)
  • Algaecides containing Sodium Carbonate Peroxyhydrate
Alteration of Water Quality§[PDF]
  • Ozone
  • Alum
Biocides for Industrial Use§[PDF]
  • Chlorine (free chlorine, hypochlorous acid, hypochlorite salts)
  • Potassium Permanganate
  • Sodium Chlorite
  • Sodium Hydroxide B, GS
Hydrologic Separation[PDF]
  • Physical Barriers
Irrigation Water Chemicals[PDF]
  • Acrolein
  • Xylene
Lethal Temperature[PDF]
  • Pressurized Hot Water/Steam Treatment
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Pellet (dry ice) Blasting
Light Attenuating Dyes[PDF]
  • Light Attenuating Dyes
Screens[PDF]
  • Filters
Ultrasound[PDF]
  • Ultrasound
Ultraviolet Light[PDF]
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Light

Crustacean

Fact Sheet in
ANS Controls Report
Specific ANS Control
§ Pesticides must be applied in accordance with the full product label as registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Users must read and follow the pesticide product label prior to each application. The registration status, trade name, and availability of pesticides are subject to change. The listing of a pesticide in this fact sheet or Appendix B does not represent an endorsement by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers or the USEPA regarding its use for a particular purpose.
Accelerated Water Velocity[PDF]
  • Accelerated Water Velocity
Alteration of Water Quality§[PDF]
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
  • Ozone
  • Nitrogen
  • Alum
  • Sodium Thiosulfate
Biocides for Industrial Use§[PDF]
  • Chlorine (free chlorine, hypochlorous acid, hypochlorite salts)
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Potassium Permanganate
  • Sodium Chlorite
  • Sodium Hydroxide
Electron Beam Irradiation[PDF]
  • Electron Beam Irradiation
Hydrologic Separation[PDF]
  • Physical Barriers
Lethal Temperature[PDF]
  • Pressurized Hot Water/Steam Treatment
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Pellet (dry ice) Blasting
Screens[PDF]
  • Filters
Ultraviolet Light[PDF]
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Light
Vertical Drop Barrier[PDF]
  • Vertical Drop Barrier

Plants

Fact Sheet in
ANS Controls Report
Specific ANS Control
§ Pesticides must be applied in accordance with the full product label as registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA). Users must read and follow the pesticide product label prior to each application. The registration status, trade name, and availability of pesticides are subject to change. The listing of a pesticide in this fact sheet or Appendix B does not represent an endorsement by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers or the USEPA regarding its use for a particular purpose.
Accelerated Water Velocity[PDF]
  • Accelerated Water Velocity
Aquatic Herbicides§[PDF]
  • 2,4-D (both the amine and butoxy-ethyl ester formulations)
  • Diquat
  • Fluridone
  • Glyphosate
  • Imazapyr
  • Triclopyr
Biological Controls§[PDF]
  • Introduced Predatory Fish Species
  • Introduced Predatory Insect Species
Dredging and Diver Dredging[PDF]
  • Dredging and Diver Dredging
Hydrologic Separation[PDF]
  • Physical Barriers
Irrigation Water Chemicals§[PDF]
  • Acrolein
  • Xylene
Lethal Temperature[PDF]
  • Pressurized Hot Water/Steam Treatment
  • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Pellet (dry ice) Blasting
Light Attenuating Dyes§[PDF]
  • Light Attenuating Dyes
Manual Harvest[PDF]
  • Manual Harvest
Mechanical Control Methods[PDF]
  • Mechanical Harvesting
  • Shredding
  • Mowing
  • Chaining
  • Roto-tilling
  • Rotovating
Screens[PDF]
  • Fences
  • Bar Screens
  • Trash Racks
  • Curtains
  • Chain Bar Screens
  • Reciprocating Rake Bar Screens
  • Catenary Bar Screens
  • Continuous Belt Bar Screens
  • Rotating Drum Screens (Paddle Wheel Or Power)
  • Wedge-Wire Cylinders
  • Louvered Screens
  • Mechanical Climber Screens
  • Filters